1º Avant-Gardes

  • Preface:
         Art in 20th Century is composed by different streams called “isms”. Movements do not follow each other in time: many are contemporary and share feautures between them. Avant-garde cannot be understood if we try to set a chronological order.
       It is a common place seeing 20th century art as a rupture with tradition. This rupture does not begin in 20th century; it comes from the end of 19th one. 1863 can be taken as a beginning for modern painting. This year Manet produced Lunch on the Grass, showed in the Lounge of Rejected. This work took its subject from Italian Renaissance, but its way of exposing it originated a scandal.

       Impresionism and Post-Impresionism mark the departure point for artistic movements in 20th century.

    •    Important technical improvements, Industrial Revolution and general progress did change humanity at the beginning of 20th century.
    • First and Second World War influenced in these changes. They contributed to new streams.
    • Philosophers found revelating theories and many vanguardist movements would not be explained whithout the philosophical bases that created them.

       Changes produced by Modernism at the end of 19th century were not too rapid. Those of the first two isms in 20th century were certainly more intensive: Fauvism and Expressionism.
       Necessity of change gave birth to different and even contradictory streams: conceptual and realistic ones.
  • Chapters:


    Written by:
    Beatriz Aragonés Escobar.
    Licentiate in Art History

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