Freedom in art, freedom in society; this is the double aim.
Víctor Hugo in Hernani's prologue.
Up to the present moment, art aim has been beauty, but beauty is only a small part of the things man can imitate.
Lessing in Laoconte.
Characteristics of Romantic art.
If Illustration was the age of Light, Romanticism is the age of darkness. A heartbreaking shout for liberty beats under the word "Romanticism". After Napoleon falling, Romanticism is a way of evasion for young generations who fight for realizing revolutionary ideals.
Romanticism can be understood as the "first avant-garde in History of art". It opens the door for a new age: ours.
Artists from different places in Europe:
- Art will be no more regulated by Classical doctrine.
- Most important aim in art is not beauty, but expression of feelings that will open wider horizons.
- There is a wish for new, rare, incredible, bizarre, hidden... sublime things beyond usual limits. This anxiety creates more aesthetic pleasure than beauty.
- Subjective world interests more than objective one. Art expresses artist inner reality even if he had to appeal to dark worlds, obscurity or dreams.
- Magnitude will be an important topic. Artists conceive universe as something not embraceable, out of human reach. It produces a feeling of inferiority and anxiety against mighty powers of Nature always out of human control.
- National History is carefully learnt. Romantic artist feels proud of local languages and deep roots of home towns. They search for the distant origins of first principles.
Love for Middle Ages and its features: rural life, feudalism and everything that was rejected by illustrated rationalism.
- There is a deep experience of religion.
- There is a pleasure for exotic things. Romantic artist looks for the different: that is why he is interested in oriental worlds.
Beatriz Aragonés Escobar.
Licentiate in Art History