INTRODUCTION
 
J.F. Millet, Camino al trabajo, c.1851.
J.F. Millet, Camino al trabajo, c.1851.

 
     Painting is a part of social conscience, a piece of the mirror in wich generations behold themselves and each other once again. It should follow society step by step.

Castagnary.

      Il faut porter le trivial au niveau du sublime.
 J.F. Millet

 
 

  • Social and historical frame:
     
         About the central decades of 19th Century, Romanticism was substituted by Realism. This change was performed by different conditions:
    • Consciences were opressed by the weight and terrible consequences of Industrial Revolution:
       
      • Working for children and women.
      • Excess of hours at work.
      • Miserable conditions for life.
      • Unsalubrious homes.

       
    • Unsuccess of Revolutions in 1848 made their effects.
    • Idealism disappears from consciences.
    • Social subjects become important.
    • Artists think about men in quotidian labours.
    • Tiredness will be an important subject.

         These feautures are all present in painting and literature as Dickens' or Zola's one. It will be cultivated by a philosophical positivism that states observation and experimtalism as the only sources for knowledge.
     
     

  • Most important artists:
     

    Written by:
    Beatriz AragonÚs Escobar.
    Licentiate in Art History


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