RIBERA
(1591-1652)
 


Martyrdom of St Felipe
Ribera, Martyrdom of St Felipe, 1639,
(known as of St. Bartholomew)
oil on canvas, 2,34 x 2,34 m,
Museo del Prado, Madrid.

 
  • Lo Spagnoletto:
     
         José de Ribera, known as 'Lo Spagnoletto', was born in Játiva (Valencia, Spain) although he went to Italy before 20. Not much is know from his life in Spain, he is supposed to have studied in Valencia with Francisco Ribalta. In 1616 he settled down in Naples where he developed all his career and became the leading painter in his period.
     
         He married painter Azzolino's daugther and he was with no doubt head of the Neapolitan school. He also painted a lot of pictures commissioned by his native country and he was widely known in Europe.
     
         His art was formed in Caravaggesque tenebrism as he shows in bloody martyrdom scenes, but he gradually moved to luminous, calm and rich in colour paintings in which woman's beauty or picaresque humor reveal his remarkable capability of tenderness and his respect for the dignity of individual humanity.
     
         He lived and worked in Naples till his death in 1652.

     
     
  • Ribera´s pictures:
    (Click the images to enlarge)
     
    Martyrdom of St Felipe Ribera, Martyrdom of St Felipe, 1639, oil on canvas, 2,34 x 2,34 m, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    With comments
    St Christopher Ribera, St Christopher, 1637, oil on canvas, 1,27 x 1,00 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Archimedes Ribera, Archimedes, 1630, oil on canvas, 1,25 x 0,81 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    St Andrew Ribera, St Andrew, 1632, oil on canvas, 1,23 x 0,95 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    With comments
    The Duel of Isabella de Carazzi and Diambra de Pottinella Ribera, The Duel of Isabella de Carazzi and Diambra de Pottinella, 1636, oil on canvas, 2,35 x 2,12 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Jacob's Dream Ribera, Jacob's Dream, 1639, oil on canvas, 1,79 x 2,33 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    With comments
    Isaac and Jacob Ribera, Isaac and Jacob, 1637, oil on canvas, 1,29 x 2,89 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Ribera, Old Money Lender, 1638, oil on canvas, 0,72 x 0,62 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    The Holy Trinity Ribera, The Holy Trinity, 1636, oil on canvas, 2,26 x 1,81 m.,Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Ribera, Mary Magdalene, 1641, oil on canvas, 2,26 x 1,81 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    St Peter Ribera, St Peter, 1639, oil on canvas, 0,75 x 0,63m., The Hermitage, St. Petersburg.
    San Onofre Ribera, St Onufri, 1637, oil on canvas, The Hermitage, St. Petersburg.
    St Jerome Ribera, St Jerome, 1637, oil on canvas, 1,285 x 1,02 m., Galleria Doria-Pamphili. Rome
    The Martyrdom of St Andrew Ribera, The Martyrdom of St Andrew, 1638, oil on canvas, 2,09 x 1,83 m., Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest.
    Apollo and Marsyas Ribera, Apollo and Marsyas, 1637, oil on canvas, 1,82 x 2,32 m., Museo N. di San Martino, Naples.
    Bearded Woman Ribera, Bearded Woman, 1631, oil on canvas, 1,82 x 2,32 m., Hospital of Tavera, Toledo.
    El Patizambo Ribera, Clubfooted Boy, 1641, oil on canvas, 1,64 x 0,92 m., Musée du Louvre, Paris.
    The Holy Family Ribera, The Holy Family, 1639, oil on canvas, 2,53 x 1,96 m., Museo de Santa Cruz, Toledo.
    The Holy Family with St Catherine Ribera, The Holy Family with St Catherine, 1648, oil on canvas, 2,48 x 1,80 m., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

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