Distyle of Zalamea de la Serena, (Iulipa) at Badajoz.
Dístylo de Zalamea de la Serena
Elevation of Distyle of Zalamea de la Serena

At the surroundings of Metellinum Way close to Iulipa, today Zalamea, was built this original great funerary monument almost 24 ms. high. It is probably the most outstanding with these features in Roman world, because of its size and design. Surely, it is the only one on Peninsula. Its design shows clear Greek and Asirian influences, civlizations where distyles were very common. Its original place could have been a Roman necropois, close to a Roman way, since many funerary stones have been found around the place.
It seems that it was devoted to Traian Emperor at year 103 and as a cenotaph for his daughter, though the latter is not clearly proved.
Its good state of preservation is due to the fact that it was a part of the walls of a local church built at 16th century. It was so until 1961 when it was extracted and restored on its actual place, thanks to architects Menendez-Pidal and Garcia Bellido.
Dístylo de Zalamea de la Serena
Distyle of Zalamea
Its facture is made of granite stone forming ashlars disposed at horizontal files with a middle size. It is directly placed on a rock at the surface. Therefore it never need excavation and pavement.
It was composed by a podium 1,40 m. high. Main section of the basement -6,40 m- is supported by it. Basement is composed by a perimetral elevation with pillars (four at the main façades and three at the lateral). These are groove pillars -only at its superior 2/3- at four canals with bases, crowned by capitals placed over perimetral plinths. Style of capitals is unknown since they disappeared. Restorers did selected Corinthian order. Over them, there is an entablature with final cornice.
Dístylo de Zalamea de la Serena Dístylo de Zalamea de la Serena
Details: capital and
restored basement

Over this basement there were two impressive columns with bodies being 1,45 m. diameter at their bases. Both would have the same highness and would be crowned by Corinthian capitals. Over one of them we can imagine an architrave that makes us wonder in wich way the whole building would be finished.