Theater of Segobriga, at Saelices, Cuenca.
Planta del Teatro de Segobriga
Plan for the Theater of Segobriga.

Building began at August Emperor age, finishing at the end of 1st century. The theater, though lesser than other peninsular theaters, shows by itself its complexity and outstanding originality: under a part of its rows a vaulted passing corridor was built; on it, over its northern part, a series of buldings that included the whole inside the walled area were constructed. In spite of all, the Theater was, in fact out of the wall.
It was built, as usual, on a side of the mountain in order to let the rows be directly based on a rock. It was also the reason why it was placed out of the wall, opposite to the Amphitheater. Though it was a small theater, its capacity was for ca. 2.500 spectators.
Cavea was almost semicircular and scanea, rectangular: a typical structure for Roman theaters. Rows were divided into three levels: summa, media and ima cavea, separated by little walls or baltei, communicated by stairs that divided them into vertical sections called cunei. Today ima and media cavea, underground during years, are well preserved. Summa cavea, lost today, was placed on a constant vault supported by the wall. It formed a covered street that communicated both doors of the city. Probably the main tribune was over them, directly connected with the interior of the city through an access used by the greatest persons of the city.
Teatro de Segobriga
Left view of the cavea.
Teatro de Segobriga
Aerial view of the Theater.
Teatro de Segobriga
Right view of the cavea.
Columna decorativa
Decorative groove column
with spiral from the frons pulpiti.
The orchestra, almost circular -circular segment-, is limited by three rows reserved to authorities: poedria and frons pulpiti, decorated with pillars and groove spiral columns. Pulpitum was over them.
Though rows are well preserved, scene -scaenae- is almost ruined up to its basements. Remainings let us imagine that scaenae frons was richly decorated and was endowed with groove spiral columns, presided by "goddess Rome". Its structure was probably composed by two orders of superimposed columns, crowned by architrave and cover. Behind them there were corridors and rooms for actors.
Behind the whole there was a room with an altar: it made stronger the politic and religious spirit of all Roman theaters.