Theater of Sagunto (Saguntum), at Sagunto, Valencia.
 
Planta del Teatro restaurado de Sagunto
Plan of the restored Theater of Sagunto.
Iberian village of Arse was conquered by Hannibal's Carthaginian troops at 219 b.C. after more than 8 months of siege. Romans, who had alliances with Iberians, reconquered this population 5 years later, calling it Saguntum. Now, planimetry and new Roman urban buildings were developped. First constructions were little temples and similar buildings in order to "romanize" native Iberians. At August Emperor's times, the city was designed in a direction Nort-South, with a section presided by Comitium; the other on a slope close to the Theater. It could have been early designed but was no built up to Tiberian age.
 
Structure of Theatre at Sagunto is the usual: it is divided into scaenae, cavea and orchestra.
 
As it was a big Theater -with a diameter of more than 90 m.long- cavea is divided into ima, media and summa cavea. The latter is crowned by a portico crypta in summa cavea. Its capacity was for more than 10.000 spectators. It stood on a hill slope, that supported ima cavea. Limestone rock was used for carving rows on it. Ima cavea was composed by six files of rows and divided by three stairs in four cunei; media cavea with eight rows, five stairs and six cunei and summa cavea with nine or fourteen rows depending on the section.
Upper area of the rows was supported by radial walls and vaulted stairs.
 
Diameter of orchestra is 7 m. long. It is endowed with three rows of poedria, reserved to outstanding proceres from the city.

Original scanea is almost totally lost. It only remains occupied space. We do know that, as it was placed on an irregular land, a work of supporting composed by 17 big ashlars covered by concrete vaults, was built in order to save problens on ground level. This basement made "proscaenium" 1,5 m. higher than the orchestra. Frons scaenae, as high as the cavea, was disposed at three orders and crowned by a bow wooden cover. Its plan shows three exedras that mark access door to "proscaenium", valva regia and hospitalarium.
 
La cavea reconstruida
Rebuilt cavea
Teatro antes de la restauración
Theater before restore.
La scaenae reconstruida
Rebuilt scaenae

 
At 1896 it was the first building named National Monument on Spain. Today it is being used and plays are often performed on it. A polemic restore was recently made: the whole scaenae was rebuilt and the cavea was modified.
 
Planta original del Teatro de Sagunto Sección del teatro de Sagunto recontruido.
Section of rebuilt Sagunto Theater.