Necropolis of Tutugi, at Galera, Granada.
 
Plano de un túmulo de Tutugi
Plan of a tumulus in Tutugi

 
History of this deposit -as is common to the major part of Iberian deposits- begins at Bronze Age and comes to our days with a succession of different tribes: Iberian, Roman Visigothic, Arabs...
 
The archaeological whole is composed by the village of Cerro del Real and the necropolis of Tutugi. The latter -the Iberian one- has the greatest surface in the Peninsula.
 
There are more than 130 big tombs, kept under rectangular plan tumulus with an urn carved on the ground to enclose the funerary rests. Unfortunately, at the beginning of the 20th century many tombs were spoilt and many corps were lost.
 
Major Tumulus is ca. 20 m. diameter and 5 m. high. It had a square plan and an entry corridor -similar to those in corridor dolmens, with walls made of ashlars and cover with flat stones in two layers of approach -false vault-.
 
Around the tumulus there is a big slope full with stones in order to contain earth. At different levels, this operation of setting the tumulus is repeated.
 
Diosa de Galera
Goddess of Galera
The inner part, placed at the higher chamber, has a pillar for supporting the cover. It is flat and made of big stones.
 
Inside the tombs many useful objects were found: household furnishings and sculptures, as the famous Goddess of Galera. It is a little alabaster sculpture, representing Phoenician Goddess Astarte sitting in the middle of two great sphinxes holding a pot.
 
Necrópolis de Tutugi
Burials
Necrópolis de Tutugi
View of the Necropolis of Tutugi
Necrópolis de Tutugi
Entry to a tomb