Greek city of Emporion, at L'Escala, Girona.
 
Emporiom
General plan of Emporiom

 
At 6th century b.C. Emporiom was founded by Greek-Phoecian traders. This new settlement was developped in two phases: Paliapolis -ancient city-; later Neopolis -new city-. Emporiom does mean "market", making us imagine the use of new colonies.
 
Few remainings from the ancient city, Paliopolis, came to our days, since many constructions have been made on it. It is called today "the little island of Saint Marti d'Empuries. Documents let us suppose that Sanctuary of Artemisa was there, but we only keep few remainings: Ionic capitals reused in later works.
 
Many more remainigs of the Neopolis survive:
Vista general
General view of Emporion

 
Its wall protects two sides -southern and eastern- with a southern door surrounded by two towers. A third tower stands at the corner of the walls. It is built with an Iberian technique: with not worked stones, because of the division of indian population of Indike.
 
There is a clear urban structure at the city design: a main street gives birth to lateral alleys. They finish at the sacred area of temples. Houses with rectangular plan are placed at the street apex.
 
Temples at sacred area are:
  • Asklepios Temple, devoted to Greek medicine god Asklepios. A beatiful statue of the god does remain.
  • Serapis Temple devoted to Zeus Serapis, to Isis and to her son Harpocrates. It is well preserved. It has a square plan cella, placed on a podium with lateral stairs and a portic composed by 4 columns. Its creator was Numas, an egyptian architect brought to Emporiom. Therefore, worshiped divinities have an egyptian origin.

Plano general de la Ciudad Nueva o Neopolis
General plan of the New City or Neopolis

 
Apart from the temples, many civil and public houses are outstanding:
  • Casa d'Atrio. A familiar house built with a central patio.
  • Hpuse of Peristilo. Another house with a sinilar structure, with a central patio.
  • Central Square -Agora-. It is a center for economic and political activity of the city. There is the Stoa, the building devoted to these activities.
  • Markets and shops. Different constructions that surround main streets.
Remainings of engineering constructions also came to us:
  • Filters and distribution for water. Filters were great amphorae filled with sand and filering materials.
  • Gutters. Many sewers for dirty waters do remain.

 
At both sities there are plead written plates and silver coins -drachmae- as well as typical Greek pottery: amphorae, Pelikes, Hydias, Craterae, Oinochoes...
 
Mosaicos griegos Mosaicos griegos Vista general
Remainings of paves with Greek mosaics. Wall and general view