City of Qart-Hadasch or Carthago Nova , at Cartagena, Murcia.
The history of this city is long and complex. Its importance was reflected in different Greek and Roman writings that set its origin ca. 1184 b.C. Then, it suffered different colonizations by Iberian tribes and Phoenician expeditions.
The city, as is nowadays seen, was founded by Asdrubal, Hannibal's son-in-law at 229 b.C. with the name of Qart-Hadasch in order to make it the capital for Carthaginian Empire at Western area. A protective wall was built for saving the entry isthmus. It is composed by two parallel walls, separated by 5 m. and joined by perpendicular walls, made of sand ashlars of up to 4 ms.
Hannibal's armies departed from Qart-Hadasch on 219 b.C. in order to conquest Saguntus. Then, to Rome. Probably, the most important historical fact of its Phoenician age was be taken by Publius Cornelius Scipio at 209 b.C. He changed the city's life since it became a part of Roman Empire.
Scipio gave the city a strong commercial style, since he constructed ports and great trading buildings. Later, under August Emperor orders, great civil works -as a theater and the elevation of an impressive comitium- began. Carthago Nova became one of the capital cities on Peninsula for Roman Empire, barely equalized by Tarraco.
"El Molinete" is a hill -Arx Asdrubalis at Roman age- where an archaeological whole is being searched: the Asdrubal's Palace . A podium with a part of the temple staircase and many sections of the wall wih "opus africanum" technique -small and middle stones combined with ashlars as supporting pillars- have been already found.
Carthago Nova, the Roman city and posterior one
(The buildings for this section are documented in pages for Roman architecture)
Its center was paved with flat stones. It was ruled by perpendicular streets that framed rectangular spaces where houses and public constructions were built. At the Eastern area the living-rooms were placed; at Western one, public buildings.
Between many porticated temples, not preserved until our days, the spectacular Theatre of Carthago Nova, the amphitheatre and the necropolis of Blind Tower with the funerary monumento devotd to Titus Didius are outstanding.
When Diocletianus redistributed Hispania, Carthago Nova became the capital for Carthaginensis province. Many thermae were built and the Theater was reworked. The fact is that a big store was elevated using it as foundation. New necropolis were also designed.
The few byzantine remainings, at the light of later documents, make us understand the greatness of this city until Arabian conquest. They called it Qartayanna. Then a medieval city did appear, with a castle and a Homage Tower.
Present wall and sea fortifications were built at the age of the first Borbon Monarchy.